WEST AFRICA: List of 18 Countries in West Africa, Capitals And Their Presidents

WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
West Africa is a part of Africa which is predominantly dominated by black people. It is also called Western Africa or the West of Africa and most of it is situated in Sub-Saharan Africa. It has a population of 340,000,000 with density of 49.2 per square kilometers and covers an area of approximately 6,100,000 square kilometers.
West Africa as a whole comprises eighteen countries including Island of Saint of Helena which is recognized as a British overseas territory, Mauritania which withdrew from ECOWAS in 1999 and finally, the Portuguese-colonized Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe.
Unlike other parts of Africa, West African countries were mainly colonized by Great Britain and France during the colonial era. After many years West Africa was subjected to colonization, breezes of independence set in, permeating into all the West African countries almost simultaneously but within close range. Ghana was the first Sub-Saharan African colony to attain independence. Ghana got her independence in 1957 under the leadership of Kwame Nkrumah. In 1958, Guinea followed suit in the independence actualization with President Ahmed Sekou Toure as their leader. By 1974, the whole countries in West Africa became emancipated from British and French colonization and eventually had their autonomy.
Although West African nations has close boundaries connecting them but their differences in terms of languages, cultural practices and religious beliefs are very significant and not a thing of thin line. With little of traditional religion, Christian and Islamic religions are two major religions practiced in West Africa. In West Africa, every boundary exists a culture different from another boundary.
West Africa has a main body called ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) that unites them.
Below are the lists of 18 West African countries, their capitals and their present presidents:
West African Countries
Capitals
Present Presidents/Prime Ministers
Year
Benin(Republic of Benin)
Porto-Novo
President: Thomas Boni Yayi
Prime Minister: Lionel Zinsou
2006-2016
2015-2016
Burkina Faso
Ouagadougou
President: Roch Marc Christian Kabore
2015-Present
Cape Verde
Praia
President: Jorge Carlos Fonseca
Prime Minister: Jose Maria Neves
2011-Present
2001-2016
Gambia
Banjul
President: Yahya Jammeh
1994-Present
Ghana
Accra
President: John Dramani Mahama
2012-present
Guinea
Conakry
President: Alpha Conde
Prime Minister: Mamady Youla
2010-present
2015-present
Guinea-Bissau
Bissau
President: Jose Mario Vaz
Prime Minister: Carlos Correia
2014-present
2015-present
Ivory Coast(Cote d’Ivoire)
Yamoussoukro
President: Alassane Ouattara
Prime Minister: Daniel Kabian Duncan
2010-present
2012-present
Liberia
Monrovia
President: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
2006-present
Mali
Bamako
President: Ibrahim Boubacar Keita
Prime Minister: Modibo Keita
2013-present
2015-present
Mauritania
Nouakchott
President: Mohammed Ould Aziz
Prime Minister: Yahya Ould Hademine
2009-present
2014-present
Niger
Niamey
President: Mahamadou Issoufou
Prime Minister: Brigi Rafini
2011-present
2011-present
Nigeria
Abuja
President: Mohammadu Buhari
2015-present
Senegal
Dakar
President: Macky Sall
Prime Minister: Mohanned Dionne
2012-present
2014-present
Sierra Leone
Freetown
President: Ernest Bai Koroma
2007-present
Saint of Helena
Georgetown
Governor: Mark Andrew Capes
2001-2016
Sao of Tome and Principe
Sao Tome
President: Manuel Pinto da Costa
Prime Minister: Patrice Trovoada
2011-present
2014-present
Togo
Lome
President: Faure Gnassingbe
Prime Minister: Komi Selom Klassou
2012-present
2015-present
Areas where the West African countries belong:

  • Sahel: Sahel is a transition zone between the Sudanian Savanna and the Sahara desert, Countries in this area include Mali, Burkina Faso, Senegal and Niger. 
  • Guinea: Guinea is a traditional name given to the area near the Gulf of Guinea. Countries in this area are Benin, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissua, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leona, Sao Tome and Principe and Togo 
  • Maghreb: Maghreb is a North-western region of Africa co- inhabited by West African groups like Soninke, Fulani and Wolof as well as Arab-Berber Maghrebi people. Only Mauritania lie in the Maghreb. 
  • Atlantic Ocean: Cape Verde is an island nation in the Atlantic Ocean 
  • South Atlantic Ocean: The Island of Saint Helena is a British overseas territory in this area.